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Question of the Week
  • How does interconnection of utilities, steam, and electricity apply with regard to a covered process?

Question: How does interconnection of utilities, steam, and electricity apply with regard to a covered process?


Utilities that serve a covered process are considered part of the process where they can have an impact on or affect a release of the highly hazardous chemical in the process. Utility system failure such as loss of instrument air, heating and cooling mediums, and electric power have been major causes of upset conditions in chemical processes. These utility systems are subject to all of the provisions of the PSM standard until such point where a failure in a component of a system can no longer affect a potential release of a covered chemical, or where the utility leaves the control of the employer.

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Primatech specializes in Safety, Security and Risk Management for the process industries. We offer consulting, training courses, webinars, and software to assist our clients in identifying and reducing the risk of catastrophic accidents posed by hazardous materials used in their operations. Our services and products help companies to protect employees, the public and the environment as well as prevent damage to facilities, process equipment and company reputations, and improve productivity and quality. We help companies comply with the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) standard, EPA Risk Management Program (RMP) rule, and other government regulations, industry guidelines and requirements.

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  • Process Hazard Analysis (PHA), e.g., HAZOP Studies
  • Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA)
  • Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS) - IEC 61511 / ISA 84
  • SIL Verification
  • PSM and RMP Compliance Audits and Program Assessments
  • OSHA Chemical National Emphasis Program (NEP) Audit Preparation and Assessment
  • PSM Program Development and Implementation
  • RMP Program Development and Implementation
  • Mechanical Integrity Program Development and Implementation
  • Mechanical Integrity Program Audits and Assessments
  • Management of Change (MOC) for Process Safety
  • Operating and Maintenance Procedures Development
  • Human Factors and Human Error Analysis
  • Facility Siting Analysis
  • Dispersion and Consequence Modeling
  • Probability Modeling
  • Quantitative Risk Assessment
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  • Process Security Management
  • Security Vulnerability Analysis for Deliberate Acts Including Terrorism
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