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Weblinks

This page provides links to websites containing useful information for process safety, security and risk management. The websites are categorized by organization, regulations, resources and journals related to risk and safety.

Click on the titles below to link to the related website

Organizations

American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE)
The ASSE is a professional organization for occupational safety, health and environmental issues covering industry, insurance, government and education.

Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)
CCPS identifies and addresses process safety needs within the chemical, pharmaceutical, and petroleum industries. It is sponsored by manufacturers, government agencies, consultants, academia and insurers who work in project subcommittees to define and develop guidelines for process safety. CCPS is part of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE).

European Process Safety Center (EPSC)
The EPSC is an industry-funded organization to promote best practice in process safety across Europe in both the prevention and mitigation of chemical accident hazards. EPSC organizes member meetings which produce information sheets, internal reports, publications and international conferences.

International Society of Automation (ISA)
ISA is a professional society that develops standards, certifies industry professionals, provides education and training, publishes books and technical articles, and hosts conferences and exhibitions for automation professionals. S84 / IEC 61511 is a notable standard for safety instrumented systems and the SP99 committee is developing a notable standard for cyber security of control systems. ISA publishes Intech, a magazine for automation professionals, and numerous books. ISA also conducts an annual Safety and Security Symposium. Notable resources offered are ISA84 Process Safety Standards and User Resources and ISA99 Security Guidelines and User Resources for Industrial Automation and Control Systems.

Major Accident Hazards Bureau (MAHB)
The MAHB provides scientific and technical support to the Directorate General Environment of the European Commission for the implementation and monitoring of the directive on Major Industrial Hazards (Seveso II Directive, 96/82/EC) concerning the processing and storage of hazardous substances. It is part of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre in Ispra, Italy. The MAHB operates the Major Accident Reporting System (MARS), a database of information on major accidents submitted by Member States of the European Union to the European Commission in accordance with the provisions of the Seveso Directive.

Safety and Reliability Society (SARS)
SARS is a UK professional society for safety, reliability and engineering risk management professionals in all industries. The Society publishes a quarterly Journal which includes peer reviewed articles, produces a newsletter and runs an annual conference.

Society for Risk Analysis (SRA)
The SRA is a multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, scholarly, international society that provides an open forum for all those who are interested in risk analysis. It publishes, Risk Analysis: An International Journal, that contains papers on new developments in the theory and practice of risk analysis. SRA conducts an Annual Meeting and a periodic World Congress on Risk.

Texas Chemical Council (TCC)
The TCC is a statewide trade association of chemical manufacturing facilities in Texas. It represents the Texas chemical industry in areas such as environmental protection, health and safety issues, and energy policy. The TCC and the Association of Chemical Industry of Texas (ACIT) runs an EHS Seminar each year that includes sessions on process safety management.

UK Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
The HSE is the national regulatory agency for work-related health, safety and illness in the United Kingdom. HSE provides information and guidance about the Control of Major Accident Hazards (COMAH) regulations that apply mainly to the process industries. The HSE funds research and issues numerous publications.

UK Health and Safety Executive - Hazardous Installations Directorate (HID)
The HID is responsible for regulating and promoting improvements in health and safety and controlling the major hazard risks present across high hazard industries and sectors. HID inspects operations; investigates accidents; enforces statutory requirements; provides advice on the nature of risks, their assessment and management; and works with partners to identify, define, document and promote good practice in the assessment / management of major hazards, including research and standards development.

US Chemical Safety Board (CSB)
The CSB is an independent US federal agency charged with investigating industrial chemical accidents and conducting investigations of chemical accident hazards. Accident investigation reports are issued and recommendations for corrective actions are made to government agencies, companies, trade associations, labor unions, and other groups. CSB has produced a series of well-received videos of major accidents.

US Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
DHS is responsible for leading the effort to secure the USA against those who seek to disrupt the American way of life. The DHS charter also includes preparation for and response to all hazards and disasters. A major focus of the DHS has been chemical facility security.

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
EPA is responsible for protecting the public health and the environment in the US. EPA promulgated and is responsible for 40 CFR 68, the Risk Management Program (RMP) rule.

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Emergency Management
This office provides guidance on prevention of chemical emergencies, preparation and response to environmental crises, and distribution of information to the public.

US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
OSHA is the main US federal agency charged with ensuring safe and healthful working conditions and the enforcement of safety and health legislation to protect workers. OSHA promulgated and is responsible for CFR 1910.119, the Process Safety Management (PSM) standard.

Regulations - Process Safety

California Accidental Release Prevention (CalARP) Program
A risk management program that merges federal and state programs for the prevention of accidental release of regulated toxic and flammable substances. It is administered by the California Governor's Office of Emergency Services.

California Accidental Release Prevention (CalARP) Program Administering Agency Guidance Document
A tool for the implementation of the CalARP Program at the local government level.
 

Contra Costa County, California, Ordinance on Risk Management, Chapter 450-8
An enhanced version of the state of California's risk management program (the California Accidental Release Prevention (CalARP) Program) enforced in Contra Costa County by the County.

Control of Major Accident Hazards (COMAH)
UK HSE home page for resources on COMAH regulations that require all necessary measures be taken to prevent major accidents involving dangerous substances and to limit the consequences to people and the environment of any major accidents which do occur.

EPA Risk Management Plan (RMP) Rule
EPA's Risk Management Plan (RMP) rule, Title 40 CFR Part 68 Chemical Accident Prevention Provisions.

EPA Risk Management Plan (RMP) Rule Guidance
Information regarding compliance with EPA's Risk Management Plan (RMP) Rule.

New Jersey Toxic Catastrophe Prevention Act (TCPA) Program
The New Jersey Toxic Catastrophe Prevention Act (TCPA) rule which is administered by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.

New Jersey Toxic Catastrophe Prevention Act (TCPA) Program Guidance

New Jersey Toxic Catastrophe Prevention Act Program, Inherently Safer Technology Review
Requirements for the performance of inherently safer technology (IST) reviews and the submission of IST review reports.

OSHA Standard on Hazard Communication
The modified rule that conforms with the United Nations' Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).

OSHA Questions and Answers on the New Hazard Communication Standard

Side-by-Side Comparison of OSHA's Existing Hazard Communication Standard with the Revised Standard
This document provides a comparison of the changes from the existing Hazard Communication Standard (CFR 1910.1200, March 11, 1994) and the final rule revising the standard to be consistent with the United Nations Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals.

OSHA Guide to The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS)

OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Effective Dates

OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Fact Sheet

OSHA Hazard Communication Safety Data Sheets

OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Labels

OSHA Hazard Communication Standard Pictogram

OSHA Rule on Process Safety (29 CFR 1910.119)
The Process Safety Management (PSM) standard that was issued in 1992 by the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

OSHA Rule on Process Safety for Explosives and Blasting Agents (29 CFR 1910.109)
The Process Safety Management (PSM) standard that was issued for explosives and blasting agents by the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

OSHA Fact Sheet No. OSHA 93-45 Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals
A brief summary of the requirements of OSHA's Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119).

OSHA 3132, Process Safety Management
An informational booklet that provides an overview of the Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119).

OSHA 3133, Process Safety Management Guidelines for Compliance
An informational booklet that provides guidelines for complying with the Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119).

OSHA CPL 2-2.45A (REVISED), Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals - Compliance Guidelines and Enforcement Procedures
Establishes uniform policies, procedures, standard clarifications, and compliance guidance for enforcement of the Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119) and amendments to the standard for Explosives and Blasting Agents, 29 CFR 1910.109.

OSHA Interpretations of the PSM Standard
Letters from OSHA in response to queries on aspects of the Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119)

OSHA Interpretations of the PSM Standard for Explosives and Blasting Agents
Letters from OSHA in response to queries on aspects of the Process Safety Management (PSM) standard for explosives and blasting agents (29 CFR 1910.109).

OSHA Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management National Emphasis Program
A special inspection program targeted at petroleum refineries with the intention of further reducing or eliminating workplace hazards associated with the catastrophic release of highly hazardous chemicals (HHCs).

OSHA Refinery NEP, First Year Inspection Results

OSHA PSM Covered Chemical Facilities National Emphasis Program (Pilot Program)
A special pilot inspection program to verify compliance by covered chemical facilities with OSHA's Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119).

OSHA PSM Covered Chemical Facilities National Emphasis Program
A special inspection program to verify compliance by covered chemical facilities with OSHA's Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119).

OSHA Combustible Dust National Emphasis Program
An OSHA instruction that contains policies and procedures for inspecting workplaces that create or handle combustible dusts. These dusts may cause a deflagration, other fires, or an explosion.

OSHA Status Report On Combustible Dust National Emphasis Program

OSHA Safety and Health Information Bulletin: Preventing the Uncontrolled Release of Anhydrous Ammonia at Loading Stations
This bulletin addresses the use of provisions in the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard for storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia (K61.1 - 1999), and several state regulations, in complying with existing OSHA standards that cover anhydrous ammonia systems, including 29 CFR 1910.111, Storage and Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia, and 29 CFR 1910.119, Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119).

OSHA Safety and Health Topics: Ammonia Refrigeration

OSHA Safety and Health Topic: Chemical Reactivity Hazards

OSHA Safety and Health Topic: Compressed Gas and Equipment

OSHA Safety and Health Topic: Ethylene Oxide

OSHA Safety and Health Topic: Process Safety Management (PSM)

Seveso II Directive
The Seveso Directive is addressed to Member States of the European Union and requires legislation aimed at the prevention and control of major accidents in industrial establishments where dangerous substances are present in quantities exceeding threshold quantities specified in the directive.

Regulations - Process Security

US Department of Homeland Security, Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS)
Regulations that establish risk-based performance standards for the security of US chemical facilities. They require covered chemical facilities to prepare Security Vulnerability Assessments, which identify facility security vulnerabilities, and to develop and implement Site Security Plans, which include measures that satisfy the identified risk-based performance standards.

Resources - Process Safety

ALARP - As low as reasonably practicable
An explanation of the ALARP principle developed by the UK Health and Safety Executive.

Better alarm handling
An information sheet from the UK Health and Safety Executive that gives guidance on how to recognize and handle human factors issues for alarm systems.

COMAH - Safety alerts
Issued by the UK Health and Safety Eexecutive to warn industry of specific dangers relating to practices, procedures and equipment.

Contra Costa County (California) Human Factors Program Guidance

CSB videos
CSB produces and makes available videos of accident reconstructions. The videos present the causes and effects of chemical accidents and provide recommendations on how to avoid similar accidents.

Emergency isolation of process plant in the chemical industry
UK Health and Safety Executive Information Sheet that describes the general principles of isolation of hazardous inventories to prevent or minimize loss of containment.

Investigation reports
Reports of investigations undertaken by the COMAH Competent Authority as a result of an incident or complaint at a COMAH establishment. The investigation may be concerned with issues related to COMAH, or another legislative regime or many regimes (Health and Safety at Work Act or Environmental Permitting Regulations).

Leadership for the major hazard industries: effective health and safety management
UK Health and Safety Executive booklet designed to help senior managers achieve the continuous improvement in health and safety performance of major hazard industries.

Organisational change and major accident hazards
UK Health and Safety Executive Information Sheet that provides guidance for employers responsible for major hazards on how to manage the impact of organizational change on their control of the hazards.

OSHA PSM eTools
Web-based tools to assist in compliance with OSHA's Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119).

Process Safety Beacon
The Process Safety Beacon is published monthly as a one-page flier by CCPS to deliver process safety messages to plant operators and other manufacturing personnel. Each issue presents a real-life accident, and describes the lessons learned and practical means to prevent a similar accident. You can register to receive a free monthly copy of the Beacon by email by clicking here. You can also access and search an archive of previous editions by clicking here.

RMP*eSubmit
Software from the US EPA for facilities to use for online RMP reporting.

Resources - Process Security

American Chemistry Council Responsible Care® Security Code

Repository of Industrial Security Incidents (RISI)
RISI is a database of incidents of a cyber security nature that have or could have affected process control, industrial automation or Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems. RISI obtains security incident data from three sources. The primary source is through private incident reports submitted by members. RISI analysts also compile information from public sources and collect incident data through data sharing agreements with strategic partner organizations. The database is available through an annual report, which may be purchased, and through on-line access on a subscription basis.

US Department of Justice / Sandia Chemical Vulnerability Assessment Methodology

Journals Related to Risk and Safety

Intech
A magazine for automation professionals. Published by the International Society for Automation (ISA)

Journal of Hazardous Materials
A journal that publishes full length research papers, reviews, case studies and short communications which improve our understanding of the hazards and risks certain materials pose to people and the environment or deal with ways of controlling these hazards and associated risks. Published by Elsevier.

Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
A journal that addresses process and plant design; plant layout; hazard analysis, accident and loss; plant commissioning and inspection; plant operation; maintenance and modification; process control and monitoring; design of protective systems; equipment design and reliability; use of computer systems in loss prevention; operational management and training aspects; accident analysis; emergency planning; transport and offshore; and hazards assessment. Published by Elsevier.

Safety and Reliability Society Journal
Publishes peer reviewed articles and details of various services provided by the society

Loss Prevention Bulletin
Publishes safety articles and case studies including lessons learned. Many of the articles are provided for anonymous publication and are therefore not available through other sources. Published by the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE).

Process Safety Progress
A journal on chemical and hydrocarbon process safety and loss prevention. Published quarterly by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE).

Professional Safety
The journal of the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) with a focus on occupational health and safety.

Risk Analysis: An International Journal
A journal that contains papers on new developments in the theory and practice of risk analysis. Published by the Society for Risk Analysis.

Reliability Engineering and System Safety
An international journal devoted to the development and application of methods for the enhancement of the safety and reliability of complex technological systems such as nuclear power plants, chemical plants, hazardous waste facilities, space systems, offshore and maritime systems, transportation systems, constructed infrastructure and manufacturing plants. Published by Elsevier in association with the European Safety and Reliability Association, and the Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis Division.